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What is Selenium and why should we use it?

Selenium is a free (open source) automated testing suite for web applications across different browsers and platforms. It is quite similar to HP Quick Test Pro (QTP now UFT) only that Selenium focuses on automating web-based applications. Testing done using Selenium tool is usually referred as Selenium Testing.

Selenium is not just a single tool but a suite of software's, each catering to different testing needs of an organization. It has four components; Selenium Integrated Development Environment (IDE), Selenium Remote Control (RC), WebDriver and Selenium Grid.

Software Development
Selenium is an open source web framework for testing web applications

Since Selenium is a collection of different tools, it had different developers as well. Primarily, Selenium was created by Jason Huggins in 2004. An engineer at ThoughtWorks, he was working on a web application that required frequent testing. Having realized that the repetitious Manual Testing of their application was becoming more and more inefficient, he created a JavaScript program that would automatically control the browser's actions. He named this program as the "JavaScriptTestRunner." Seeing potential in this idea to help automate other web applications, he made JavaScriptRunner open-source which was later re-named as Selenium Core.

The Same Origin Policy Issue

Same Origin policy prohibits JavaScript code from accessing elements from a domain that is different from where it was launched. Example, the HTML code in uses a JavaScript program "randomScript.js". The same origin policy will only allow randomScript.js to access pages within such as,, or However, it cannot access pages from different sites such as or because they belong to different domains.

The Name Selenium

It came from a joke which Jason cracked one time to his team. Another automated testing framework was popular during Selenium's development, and it was by the company called Mercury Interactive (yes, the company who originally made QTP before it was acquired by HP). Since Selenium is a well-known antidote for Mercury poisoning, Jason suggested that name. His teammates took it, and so that is how we got to call this framework up to the present.

Why Selenium?

Demand for web development and testing is huge. As of January 2018, there were over 1.3 billion websites on the internet serving 3.8+ billion internet users worldwide (statistics here). As the result, the tooling market is now more competitive than ever. Commercial tool vendors are fiercely stomping on each other to get a piece of the test tool pie. But so far, no one has outshone Selenium in terms of popularity and adoption.

The biggest sweet spot of Selenium is the fact that it is open source. In other words, it is completely free to download and use. Selenium provides an API called WebDriver which enables testers to craft their tests in many programming languages, including Java, C#, Python, etc. Besides web browsers, you can also automate mobile devices like Android, and iOS via Appium. With all of those capabilities at our fingertips, we might feel invincible. Test automation is now problem-free.

So, Selenium is basically an open source framework that facilitates testing of web applications. Since selenium is open source in nature, there is no licensing cost involved in it. Manual testing of software applications is a tedious process; selenium definitely makes this job easier.

9to5 provides unarguably the best Selenium Training in Jalandhar. And with passing time, more and more people have begun to recognize the potential of training in selenium. The popularity of selenium is definitely higher than many other IT courses. But the question that arises here is that what makes selenium so popular and why so many people look for selenium certification training in Jalandhar. The most straight-forward answer to this question is the growing popularity of software applications in the present-day scenario. And software companies are always in search of people having expertise in this area. As a direct result, people today have begun to show much more interest in this area than they did some years back. With a highly pertinent and practical selenium training in Jalandhar, you will be able to scale dizzy heights in this field of career. Now, let’s have a look at some really amazing reasons why you should enroll for selenium training in Jalandhar at 9to5 technologies.

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